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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 王詩妮,2012,“多媒體註解輔助低閱讀能力學生在線上閱讀理解表現之成效”,國立彰化師範大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
  2. [40] 施吉安,2002,“資訊融入國民小學自然科教學可行性之研究─以桃園縣新路國小為例”,國立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. [42] 徐玉玲,2008,“國小二年級學生選擇圖畫書之研究”,國立臺北教育大學語文與創作學系與文教學暑期碩士班碩士論文。
  4. [44] 莊啟宗,2005,“引導式資訊融入教學模式學習成效之研究”,靜宜大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文。
  5. [48] 莊啟宗,2006,“引導式資訊融入教學模式學習成效之研究”,靜宜大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
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