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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [9] 陳依伸,“太陽能聚焦用菲涅爾透鏡表面結構設計”,國立成功大學航空太空工程學系碩士論文,2009。
  2. [11] Nowakowski, M , “Study of Ocular Aberrations Within a 10 Deg Central Visual Field”, Applied Optics Group School of Physics, National University of Ireland, Galway, pp. 9-53, March 2011.
  3. [12] 林祐震,“非球面係數對三片型鏡組映像品質影響之分析”,國立中央大學光電科學研究所碩士論文,2006。
  4. [13] 趙廣雄,“三片行徑組織分析設計”,國立中央大學光電科學研究所碩士論文,2006。
  5. [16] 國家實驗研究院儀器科技研究中心,光學元件精密製造與檢測,2007。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家銘(2017)。應用液態透鏡及機械式移動方式實現超廣角變焦鏡頭。虎尾科技大學電機工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-124。
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