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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.司徒達賢 (1995),策略管理,遠流出版社。
  2. 23.張根榮(民90),企業競爭策略與創新領域配適對企業競爭力之相關研究,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 25.曹國雄 (1998),人力資源管理,台北:五南。
  4. 44.蔡啟通、高泉豐(2004),「動機取向、組織創新氣候與員工創新行為之關係:Amabile 動機綜效模型之驗證」,管理學報,21:5,頁571-592
  5. 50.蘇雄義、賴憲忠 (1995),「應用AHP於設定專業員工績效評估準則之個案研究與啟示」,東吳經濟商學學報,15,頁115。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡佩樺(2011)。高等技職教育經營績效評估之實證研究-以北部某技術學院為例。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2011。1-131。
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