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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 王詩清. (2010). 資訊服務業拓展國際市場營運策略. 臺北科技大學工商管理研究所學位論文, 1-127.
  2. 4. 吳振維. (2016). 供應鏈風險, 長鞭效應, 精實與績效關係之研究. 虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文, 1-108.
  3. 7. 章美英, & 許麗齡. (2006). 質性研究-焦點團體訪談法之簡介與應用. 護理雜誌, 第五十三卷第二期, 67-72.
  4. 9. 陳佩雯. (2003). 多準則決策方法之探討─ 圖書館效率與效能評估, 中華大學科技管理研究所, 碩士論文.
  5. 12. 鄭瑞信. (2014). 在環境不確定性下供應鏈彈性策略之選擇. 虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文, 1-94.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卓政憲(2018)。因應長鞭效應之關鍵供應鏈敏捷力。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2018。1-101。
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