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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王文杰,嬗變中之中國大陸法制,交大出版社,2008年6月第二版。
  2. 27. 史敏、張建華,專利法實施細則釋義,法律出版社,2001年11月。
  3. 32. 王寶發,最高人民法院關於民事訴訟證據的若干規定釋義,法律出版社,2002年9月。
  4. 13. 陳怡妃,台灣及美國專利侵害損害賠償與立法效力之探討,2006年7月。
  5. 4. 中華人民共和國專利法實施細則
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林育苡(2014)。我國司法裁判之專利要件量化實證分析。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-148。 
  2. 陳群顯(2012)。專利侵權損害賠償數額認定方法之建構。交通大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-246。 
  3. 高愷均(2015)。臺灣智慧財產法院損害賠償判決實證研究。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-187。 
  4. 李柏靜(2008)。論專利侵害之損害賠償計算-─從美國、中國大陸與台灣之專利修法談起。政治大學法律科際整合研究所學位論文。2008。1-230。
  5. 吳俊龍(2010)。我國法院審理專利侵權訴訟實務之研究--以第一審為中心。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-146。
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