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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] X. Y. Huang, A. Khan, N. Miller and J. W. Doane, “Reflective Cholesteric Displays: Development and Applications”: SPIE, Vol. 4658, pp. 1605-7422 (2002).
  2. [3] Mark D. Fairchild, “Color Appearance Model,” John Wiley & Sons Ltd, England, 2005.
  3. [4] Wendy Davis, “Complexities of Color”
  4. [7] Haisong Xu, Hirohisa Yaguchi and Satoshi Shioiri, “Testing CIELAB-Based Color-Difference Formulae Using Large Color Differences”: Optical Review Vol. 8, No. 6 (2001) 487-494.
  5. [8] M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The Development of the CIE 2000 Colour-Difference Formula: CIEDE2000”, COLOR research and application, Volume 26, Number 5, October 2001.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃鈺婷(2010)。我國大學圖書館電子資源採訪決策之探討。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2010。1-140。 
  2. 黃文治(2006)。產品設計產業合作策略聯盟之個案研究-以世訊科技股份有限公司為例。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2006。1-89。
  3. 鄭建揚(2009)。從故事觀點看經營模式價值主張策略-以連鎖加盟為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-62。
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