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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 237 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝2﹞ Beamon, B.M., “Supply Chain Design and Analysis: Models and
  2. ﹝5﹞ Bound, Charles F., “Publishers and publishing United States,” New York, Bowker, 1949.
  3. ﹝6﹞ Christopher, Martin, Logistic and Supply Chain Management- trategies for Reducing Costs and Improving Services, Pitman Publishing, 1992.
  4. ﹝11﹞Cooper, M.C. and L.M. Ellram, “Characteristics of Supply Chain Management and the Implications for Purchasing and Logistics Strategy,” The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 4:2, pp.13-24, 1993.
  5. ﹝16﹞Ansell, Elaine, “Some effects of the end of the Net Book Agreement.” New Library World.,99(6): pp.248-253, 1998.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘采萱(2012)。台灣獨立出版社之生存形態分析。淡江大學漢語文化暨文獻資源研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-124。 
  2. 李令儀(2015)。文化與商業的雙重邏輯:台灣圖書出版產業的發展與變遷。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-258。 
  3. 張瑋麟(2014)。按需印刷在臺灣學術出版的發展與困境。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2014。1-182。 
  4. 邵礦慰(2012)。大陸台資企業經營策略之研究-以A資材公司為例。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-105。
  5. 李承軒(2017)。台灣圖書出版產業經銷商之策略研究。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2017。1-108。
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