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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. OECD, Sience, 1999, Technology and Industry Scoreboard:Benchmarking Knowledge-Based Economies, OECD, Paris.
  2. 2. OECD, 2002, Innovation and Productivity in Services, OECD, Paris.
  3. 4. Miles, I., 1995, Knowledge-Intensive Business Services:Users, Carriers and Sources of Innovation, Information Market and Exploitation of Research, Commission of the European Communities.
  4. 7. Tomlinson, M., 2000, “The Learning Economy and Embodied Knowledge Flow in Great Transformation:The Role of KIBS in Regional and National Innovation Systems”, Research Policy, Vol.23, pp.1501-1516.
  5. 8. Czarnitzki, D. and Spielkamp, A., 2000, Business Services in Germany:Bridges for Innovation, Discussion Paper, ZEW, Mannheim.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江寶焜(2012)。光電檢測產品創新策略之個案研究。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-72。
  2. 陳秀麗(2012)。運用策略地圖與平衡計分卡建構績效衡量指標─以台灣半導體設備產業為例。元智大學管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-57。
  3. 陳冠吾(2016)。半導體設備經營策略研究—以D公司為例。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2016。1-65。
  4. 梁家雄(2016)。精密機械設備製造業轉型機會之探討:以F公司為例。交通大學管理學院高階主管管理碩士學程學位論文。2016。1-45。
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