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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2)M. A. Khan, M. S. Shur, J. N. Kuzunia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, (1995), 1083.
  2. 3)Aktas, Z. F. Fan, S. N. Mmohammand, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, (1996), 3872.
  3. 5)E. E. Loebner, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, ED-23 (1976) 675
  4. 6)N. Zheludev, Nature. Photonics, 1 (2007) 189
  5. 9)H. P. Maruska and J. J. Tietjen, Appl. Phys. Lett., 15 (1969) 327.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡雅文(2008)。空氣汙染與新生兒健康之探討—以台灣各鄉鎮嬰兒死亡率為例。中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。2008。1-73。
  2. 賴宣名(2009)。有害空氣汙染物環境風險評估與最佳化污染削減策略分析。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2009。1-75。
  3. 郭芝蘭(2016)。中小企業國際化策略分析與評估 -以空氣污染防制設備產業為例。成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2016。1-78。
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