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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. Ge a d P. Cachon and Robe t Swinney , ―Pu chasing, P icing, and Quick Response in the P esence of St ategic Consume s‖. Management Science Vol. 55 , No. 3, pp. 497–511, March 2009.
    2. 2. Hau L. Lee , V Padmanabhan; Seungjin Whang , ―The bullwhip effect in supply chains‖, 1997
    3. 3. Hisashi Ku ata , ―Inte actions of Retaile s’ Ma keting Decisions On Operational Performance In a Supply Chain. A Dissertation Submitted In Partial Fullfillment of The Requirements For The Degree of Doctor In Philosophy in Management Science‖. 2006
    4. 5. Jucke JV, Rosenblatt MJ.―Single-period inventory models with demand uncertainty and quantity discounts: behavioral implications and a new solution procedure,"Naval Research Logistics, Vol.32, pp.537-550 , 1985
    5. 6. Katri Koistinen ; Raija Ja rvinen , ―Consumer observations on channel choices— Competitive strategies in Finnish g oce y etailing‖. 2009
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳怡芳(2015)。台灣地方政府支出之研究:民國88年度至102年度。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-123。 
    2. 梁秀珠(2016)。桃園市重大施政計畫先期審查之過程與結果—以103年度為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-244。 
    3. 李日聰(2006)。我國中央政府公共支出之研究:民國40年度至93年度。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2006。1-89。 
    4. 巫泙霈(2017)。參與式預算對現行預算決策之影響分析:以臺北市政府為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-86。
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