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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 林志桓. 2009. Role of RcsB in acid-resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae CG43. 國立交通大學, 生物科技學系, 碩士論文
  2. 4. Keynan, Yoav, and Ethan Rubinstein. 2007. The changing face of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections in the community. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 30(5):385-389
  3. 5. Fang, F. C., N. Sandler, and S. J. Libby. 2005. Liver Abscess Caused by magA+ Klebsiella pneumoniae in North America. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(2):991-992.
  4. 6. Lederman, Edith R., and Nancy F. Crum. 2005. Pyogenic Liver Abscess with a Focus on Klebsiella pneumoniae as a Primary Pathogen: An Emerging Disease with Unique Clinical Characteristics. Am J Gastroenterol 100(2):322-331.
  5. 7. Hyle, Emily P., et al. 2005. Risk Factors for Increasing Multidrug Resistance among Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella Species. Clinical Infectious Diseases 40(9):1317-1324.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芳瑜(2013)。克雷白氏肺炎桿菌CG43全基因體解序、抗酸轉錄體分析與尿素酶基因群功能探討。清華大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2013。1-66。 
  2. 林珍儀(2014)。克雷白氏肺炎桿菌CG43中HdeA、HdeB、HdeD伴隨蛋白 在抗酸反應中所扮演的角色。交通大學生物科技系所學位論文。2014。1-63。 
  3. 卓蕙瑜(2014)。克雷白氏肺炎桿菌CG43絲胺酸/蘇胺酸激酶KpnK的功能性探討。交通大學分子醫學與生物工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-73。 
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