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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. Deal, T. E., & Kennedy, A. A.(2001),全球化競爭優勢:7大經營挑戰與5大成功法寶(The new corporate cultures: Revitalizing the workplace after downsizing, mergers, and reengineering),陳琇玲譯,台北市:先覺出版股份有限公司。(原作2000年出版)
  2. 6. Landry, C.(2008)。創意城市:打造城市創意生活圈的思考技術(The creative city: A toolkit for urban innovators),楊幼蘭譯。台北市:馬可孛羅文化事業股份有限公司。(原作2000年出版)
  3. 39. 王勤銓(2011)。台灣推動文創產業之中央與地方合作機制分析。台灣經濟研究月刊,34(2),96-101。
  4. 50. 周功鑫(2012)。國立故宮博物院文化創意產業發展-「文創產業發展研習營」的策略性作法。研考雙月刊,36(1),84-89。
  5. 53. 林誠長、黃鐉津(2009)。文創產業、文創商品之策略•計畫•設計•開發研究 以「台灣老樹根–魔法木工坊」為例。商業設計學報(13),173-192。
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