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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑楨、黃志成(2012)。人類行為與社會環境。新北市:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 王皓昀(2010)。媒介使用與媒介依賴對運動博弈資訊可信度的影響-電視, 報紙, 網路的比較。運動傳播學刊(3),70-90。
  3. 李尹暘、林曉佩、林君怡(2007)。自我效能理論之分析與應用。澄清醫護管理雜誌,3(2),46-52。
  4. 李冠賢(2013)。反釣魚教學策略:平板電腦融入概念構圖以提升學習動機之可行性評估。國立交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程碩士論文,新竹市。
  5. 周倩、吳歡鵲、陳茵嵐、王美鴻(2009)。「資訊素養與倫理」大學通識教育課程-理念, 主題, 教學策略與執行成效。大學圖書館,13(2),24-44。
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