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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周書宇(2006)。學習與學習策略調整(未出版之博士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學物理研究所,臺北市。
  2. 陳志恆、林清文 (2008)。國中學生自我調整學習策略量表之編製及效度研究。輔導與諮商學報,30(2),1-36。
  3. 陳炎漳(2011)。運用自律學習機制提升閱讀標註學習成效研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學圖書資訊學數位碩士在職專班,臺北市。
  4. 黃威豪 (2011)。融合自律學習於數位學習系統以記憶大量單字之系統設計與實證研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中央大學資訊管理研究所,中壢市。
  5. 黃勝輝 (2011)。基於學習專注力發展自律學習機制提升網路學習成效 (未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學應用電子科技研究所,臺北市。
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