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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.張素莉、李堯賢、胡太山、許文川、王任培(2007)。台灣創業育成中心之網絡化發展研究。環境與世界,16。
  2. 3.溫肇東、羅育如、林大溢(2010)。台灣科技創業競賽十年回顧。科技管理學刊,12月,15(4)。
  3. 5.王明隆、邱正仁、林義捷、林憶樺(2005)。從政府認證角色探討創業投資對促進高科技產業發展之影響。中山管理評論,9月,13(2)。
  4. 6.楊家彥(2004)。再造創業者的故鄉。台灣經濟研究月刊,3月,27(3)。
  5. 7.牛涵錚、辛敏綺(2011)。創新與創業精神研究之回顧與發展。創新與管理,8(4),頁33-62。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊書瑋(2016)。金屬工藝產業微型創業成功關鍵因素_以 FAHP 之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-77。 
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