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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳權威、韓長澤、王緒溢、吳宗哲、張奕華(2011)。教育科技與創新教學。台北市:網奕資訊科技股份有限公司。
  2. 廖世傑、吳錫金、黃崑巖、陳偉德(2007)。藉由互動性教學系統提昇醫學院課堂講授教學成效。醫學教育,11,8-15。
  3. 梁素梅(2008)。彰化縣國中教師資訊科技融入教學現況之調查研究。台灣師範大學,台北市。
  4. 謝美璇(2009)。應用IRS提升原住民國小學生數學學習興趣與成就之行動研究。國立台東大學,台東。
  5. 財團法人資訊工業策進會(2012)。數位學習與典藏成果彙編。台北:經濟部工業局。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳嘉綺(2016)。國小在職數理教師自我調整學習能力與其科技學科教學知識之相關研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-108。
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