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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明珂,2005,《華夏邊緣:歷史記憶與族群認同》。台北:允晨文化。
  2. 李佳芬,2010,《國小高年級客家學童族群認同與客家語學習之相關研究:以新竹縣關西地區為例》。台北:台北教育大學教育學系碩士論文。
  3. 卓石能,2002,《都市原住民學童族群認同與其自我概念生活適應之關係研究》。屏東:屏東師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林吉洋,2007,《敘事與行動:台灣客家認同的形成》。新竹:清華大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林瑞玲,2010,《語言使用與族群認同的可能關係:以中壢市新新國小之家長為例的經驗研究》。新竹:交通大學客家社會與文化碩士在職專班碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孚佑(2014)。族群通婚與族群文化認同相關性之初探-以原住民為例。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2014。1-72。
  2. 徐承宇(2016)。國民中學學生族群認同、自尊與心理健康關係之研究─以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-305。
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