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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳雪霞(2003)。《台北市觀眾收看電視烹飪節目的動機與滿足之研究》。中國文化大學生活應用科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李儒林(2008)。《多元文化概念下族群頻道定位初探-以客家電視暗夜新聞多元文化訊息呈現為例》。國立政治大學新聞學系碩士在職專班論文。
  3. 徐佳鈴(2006)。《臺灣客家電視媒體發展之探討》。臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  4. 蕭新煌(2005)。〈多元文化社會的族群傳播:剖析一個新典範〉,《中華傳播學刊》,7:3-7。
  5. Riggins, S. H.(1992). The promise and limits of ethnic minority media. In S. H.Riggins (ed.), Ethnic Minority Media (pp.276-288). Newbury Park, CA: SagePublishers
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳文貞(2015)。客家產業節目的族群意象分析─ 以客家安可為例。中央大學客家社會文化研究所學位論文。2015。1-152。
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