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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bloom, B.S.,(1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals: Handbook I, cognitive domain. New York: Longman.
  2. BSCS. (2005). Doing Science: The Process of Scientific Inquiry: National Institute of General Medical Sciences.
  3. Colburn, A. (2006). What teacher educators need to know about inquiry-based instruction, California State University.
  4. Diekema, A. R., Leary, H., Haderlie, S., & Walters, C. D. (2011). Teaching Use of Digital Primary Sources for K-12 Settings. D-Lib Magazine, 17(3), 4.
  5. Furtak, E. M. (2006). The problem with answers: An exploration of guided scientific inquiry teaching. Science Education, 90(3), 453-467.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高稹(2018)。我國「基本工資」憲法規範基礎與內涵建構之研究。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2018。1-197。 
  2. 許萃華(2017)。身心障礙者公職參與權之憲法保障及其界限─以考試制度及程序為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-167。 
  3. 張郁玲(2017)。邁向非暴力教養社會—從落實兒童權利公約之禁止體罰法制開始。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-121。 
  4. 陳婉寧(2017)。論國家資助研發成果之運用及歸屬-以科技基本法介入權規範為中心。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-139。 
  5. 黃立宇(2017)。論身心障礙者權利公約第12條法律能力之憲法實踐-從歐洲經驗出發。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-240。 
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