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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王智弘(2008)。 網路成癮的成因分析與輔導策略。輔導季刊,44(1),1-12。
  2. 王素闌(2013)。大學生人格特質、自傷行為與自傷意念之相關研究。家庭教育與諮商學刊,15,23-54。
  3. 王慧琦(2011)。大學生寬恕型態與人際衝突因應策略之研究。社會發展研究學刊,10,1-22。
  4. 方紫薇(2010)。網路沉迷、因應、孤寂感與網路社會支持之關係:男女大學生之比較。教育心理學報,41(4),773-798。
  5. 江宜珍、吳肖琪、李蘭(2005)。台灣北部國小四年級學童曾經發生自殺意念之相關因素研究。臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 24(6), 471-482. doi:10.6288/TJPH2005-24-06-02
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