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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.宋柏鈞,2012,世界各港埠實踐綠色港口(Greenport)的具體作法
  2. 11.林晉寬、楊秀芳,2007,「應用策略群組分析探討世界主要港口之競爭:資源基礎觀點」,第1-21頁
  3. 27.馮嘉柔,2007,「我國大型海岸觀光建設環境管制之探討-永續發展、環境影響評估與土地開發」,國立大學政治大學公共行政學系碩士論文
  4. 34.Ansoff, Igor H., 1984, “Implanting Strategic Management”, UK: Prentice Hall International LTD, P.xvi.
  5. 35.American Association of Port Authorities, September 1998 , “Environmental Management Handbook”
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑋萱(2016)。綠色物流港之研究:結構化與非結構化資料分析。逢甲大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-92。 
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