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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王智弘(2008)。 網路成癮的成因分析與輔導策略。輔導季刊,44(1),1-12。
  2. 林以正、王澄華、吳佳煇(2005)。網路人際互動特質與依戀型態對網路成癮的影響。中華心理學刊,14(3),289-309。
  3. 林家瑩、林韋誠、鄭嫥嫥(2010)。台灣大學生人格特質、人際互動策略與人際關係品質之關連。慈濟通識教育學刊,6,29-50。
  4. 吳明鳳(2009)。台灣地區網路消費者購物決策因素研究─以社會及心理學取向。淡江大學大眾傳播系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 黃柏蒼(2011)。台灣青少年網路成癮之心理病理因子與性別差異:其與網路使用、壓力、衝動性之關聯性。台灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 饒家銘(2014)。智慧型手機態度及使用行為與成癮之研究-以台中市高中職學生為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-129。
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