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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chang, M., Kim, S., Sioutas, C., 1999. Experimental studies on particle impaction and bounce: effects of substrate design and material. Atmospheric Environment 33, 2313–2322.
  2. Chen, S.C., Tsai, C.J., Chen, H.D., Huang, C.Y., Roam, G.D., 2011. The influence of relative humidity on nanoparticle concentration and particle mass distribution measurements by the MOUDI. Aerosol Science and Technology 45, 596–603.
  3. Chen, S.C., Tsai, C.J., Chou, C.C.K., Roam, G.D., Cheng, S.S., Wang, Y.N., 2010. Ultrafine particles at three different sampling locations in Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 44, 533–540.
  4. Chow, J.C., Watson, J.G., 2007. Review of measurement methods and compositions for ultrafine particles. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 7, 121–173.
  5. Grinshpun, S.A., Mainelis, G., Trunov, M., Górny, R.L., Sivasubramani, S.K., Adhikari, A., Reponen, T., 2005. Collection of airborne spores by circular single-stage impactors with small jet-to-plate distance. Journal of Aerosol Science 36, 575-591.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪兆堂(2013)。童鞋零售店經營關鍵成功因素之探討。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理EMBA專班學位論文。2013。1-95。 
  2. 謝皓宇(2010)。電視新聞置入性行銷廣告手法之研究-以餐飲業置入為例。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-60。 
  3. 李 青(2011)。家長式領導、工作滿足與留任意願關係之研究 -以臺灣國際觀光旅館為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-105。 
  4. 簡子沄(2016)。比較越南台商在越南及台灣投資旅遊渡假村意願及其影響經營關鍵因素。逢甲大學土地管理學系學位論文。2016。1-168。 
  5. 黃淑麗(2000)。西式餐館業網路行銷組合資訊之內容分析。臺灣師範大學家政教育學系學位論文。2000。1-0。
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