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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 322 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林永森、張巧宜、陳安妮(2010)。運動彩券虛擬社群信任模式之研究-兼論社
  2. 群涉入之調節效果。臺灣體育運動管理學報,10(4),25-54。
  3. 林娟娟、蘇政泓 (2007)。以社群觀點研究線上遊戲使用者參與動機。電子商務
  4. 施啟煌、楊逸帆、蔡明峰(2013)。使用裝置間通訊的適地性服務-以排隊系統
  5. 侯嘉政, & 傅柏霖. (2008). 產品涉入與品牌涉入對品牌忠誠度之影響-以數位相
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃薇仰(2016)。逃出牢籠──實境密室遊戲中的經驗與療癒。交通大學傳播研究所學位論文。2016。1-140。
  2. 吳瑛惠(2017)。網路影音直播平台使用影響因素之研究-網路口碑與社群認同的整合性觀點。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-91。
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