Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]宋曜廷、周業太、曾芬蘭,十二年國教評量變革,教育科學研究期刊,p1-31,59卷第1期,2014。
  2. [12] Abramson, L., Seligman, M., & Teasdale, J.Learned helplessness in humans: Critique andreformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49-74, 1978.
  3. [14] Mark, S. To succeed ornot to succeed: A critical reviewof issues in learned helplessness.Contemporar y Educat ionalPsychology, 8, 1-19. 1983.
  4. [16]林俊瑩、陳成宏、黃章建,班級族群組成對學生學業成績的影響,教育研究與發展期刊, p61-86,10(2),2014。
  5. [22]黃淑苓,「學生為中心」的學習評量,教育科學期刊,p 3-24,1(2),2002。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施震聲(2016)。在家教育巡迴輔導教師的工作壓力與因應策略之探究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。
  2. 梁美玲(2017)。高中職觀光科學生人格特質、休閒參與與休閒效益之研究-以彰化縣某高職為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-80。
  3. 林宜亭(2017)。應用品質機能展開在國小教師對學校心理契約的期望與滿意度之研究。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-74。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :