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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Altinkihc, Oya and Robert S. Hansen, "Are There Economies of Scale in Underwriting Fees? Evidence
  2. Spring 2000.
  3. 2. Bajaj, Mukesh, Sumon C. Mazumdar, and Atulya Sarin, "The Costs of Issuing Preferred Stock", Journal
  4. 3. Barber, Brad M. and John D. Lyon, "Detecting long-run abnormal stock returns: The empirical power
  5. Classified as a Liability? Evidence from Implied Cost of Common Equity Capital", working paper,
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明城(2011)。台灣上市(櫃)公司發行特別股後長期績效之探討。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-69。 
  2. 黃鯨洋(2018)。特別股的現在與未來:超越股東平等原則之限制與迷思。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2018。1-116。 
  3. 顏淑華(2007)。我國地方稅法通則施行後之檢討。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2007。1-150。
  4. 鄭師安(2010)。台灣生技企業特殊籌資工具之探索性研究。政治大學管理碩士學程(AMBA)學位論文。2010。1-62。
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