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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ───,2003,文化綜攝與個人救贖:由「清海無上師世界會」教團的發展觀察台灣當代宗教與文化變遷的性質與特色。台灣社會學研究季刊,49期:135-200。
  2. 李總縯,2002,組織氣候、組織認同、組織效能之關聯性研究-以非營利組織國際獅子會台灣地區分會為實證對象。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林明璇,2000,科技賦權之可能性--以清華大學女性主義BBS站為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所。
  4. 林秀英,2004,婦女參與志願服務動機與工作滿足之研究-以花蓮地區祥和計畫志工為例。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文。
  5. 盧蕙馨,2004,證嚴法師“人間菩薩”的生命觀。新世紀宗教研究,3卷,1期:5-9。
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