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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明昆、洪振方(2003)。開發符合科學探究教學策略之研究。高雄師範大學科學教育研究所
  2. 何昱穎、張智凱、劉寶鈞(2010)。程式設計課程之學習焦慮降低與學習動機維持–以Scratch為補救教學工具。國立台南大學數位學習科技研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林國憲(2008)。數位說故事於學校教學之應用研究。國立台北教育大學課程與教學研究所博士論文
  4. 胡紹嘉(2005)。于秘密之所探光:遭遇的書寫與描繪的自我。應用心理研究,25,29-54。
  5. 徐椿樑(2001)。鷹架學習理論在專業技術教學的成效分析之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝秀梅(2012)。數位故事創作模式對國中自然科陳述性知識學習成就之影響。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 林盈芳(2011)。國小電腦課與表演藝術之協同教學:以Scratch程式設計與聲音表演藝術之結合為例。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-159。
  3. 何胤廷(2013)。引導式學習單應用於Scratch程式設計教學之成效分析。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-101。
  4. 鄭宏志(2016)。以SCRATCH程式發展資訊融入國中光學教學之研究。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-40。
  5. 陳玉萍(2017)。Scratch動畫遊戲設計與休閒技能結合之課程統整初探-以中部某國小資優資訊課程為例。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-50。
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