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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Michael E. Porter. (2002),競爭策略 (周華旭譯),天下遠見。(英文版1980)。
  2. 10. 林宗得,周建新(2005),資訊透明度對企業價值增額解釋能力之研究,會計與公司治理,2(2),25-46。
  3. 11. 翁望回(1987)。企業正當性之實證研究--社會責任的觀點。國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士學位論文。
  4. 13. 張淑青(2004),澎湖套裝旅遊服務品質之研究,觀光研究學報,第十卷,第二期,pp111-125。
  5. 28. 蔡東峻,李奇勳,吳萬益(2004),價格、保證及來源國形象對產品評價與購買意願的影響,管理學報,第二十一卷第一期,21-46。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡靜如(2015)。組織制度因素對印鑑制度變革之影響: 以臺中市戶政事務所為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-111。 
  2. 李俊安(2015)。威權組織人員採用智慧型手機之行為意圖研究。屏東科技大學資訊管理系所學位論文。2015。1-78。 
  3. 馮梅珍(2016)。台北市自來水取供事業組織整合之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-126。 
  4. 張錦秀(2005)。農會員工對農會出資或投資股份有限公司規定的態度之研究。臺灣大學農業推廣學研究所學位論文。2005。1-174。 
  5. 羅基偉(2006)。論BOT及其關鍵要素─企業的組織文化及執行力。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2006。1-132。
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