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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【3】 A. W. Black, and K. A. Lenzo, “Multilingual Text-to-Speech Synthesis,” Proc. of ICASSP, vol.3, pp.761-764, 2004.
  2. 【5】 Sin-Horng Chen, Shaw-Hwa Hwang, and Yih-Ru Wang, “An RNN-Based Prosodic Information Synthesizer for Mandarin Text-to-Speech,” IEEE Trans. Speech Audio Processing, vol.6, no.3, pp.226-239,1998.
  3. 【6】 Yi Zhang, Jianhua Tao, “Prosody Modification on Mixed-Language Speech Synthesis, ” Chinese Spoken Language Processing, 2008 ISCSLP
  4. 【7】 Hui Liang, Yao Qian, Frank K. Soong, Gongshen Liu, “A Cross-Language State Mapping Approch to Bilingual (Mandarin-English) TTS,” ICASSP 2008
  5. 【8】 T. A. Myrvoll, and F. K. Soong, “Optimal Clustering of Multivariate Normal Distributions Using Divergence and Its Application to HMM Adaptation,” Proc. of ICASSP, vol.1,pp.552-555, April 2003.
Times Cited (67) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭淑蓮(2014)。新北市公立學校人事室行政決定運作及其組織效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-163。 
  2. 陳偉群(2013)。我國政府工程採購之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-122。 
  3. 林惠茹(2012)。我國推動全面募兵制度可行性之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-137。 
  4. 梁均紘(2011)。新北市國民小學行政人員對爭議性教育政策之認知與執行策略研究-以「活化課程實驗方案」為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-177。 
  5. 邱智民(2010)。公民參與科技風險決策之評估:以英國基改作物與食品公共辯論為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2010。1-150。 
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