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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, B. (1996). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
  2. Barkho, L. (2007). Unpaking the Discursive and Social Links in BBS, CNN and Al-Jazeera’s Middle East Reporting. Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research. 1(1): 11-29.
  3. Dey, I. (1993). Creating Categories. In I. Dey. Qualitative Data Analysis: A User-Friendly Guide for Social Scientists. (pp. 94-112). London: Routledge.
  4. EL-Nawawy, M., & Iskandar, A. (2002). Al-Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East. Cambridge: Westview Press.
  5. Eriksen, T. H. (2002). Ethnicity and Nationalism. (2nd ed). London: Pluto Press.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳涵文(2017)。從多元文化觀點檢視國際族群衝突報導:以佛格森事件為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-70。 
  2. 馬仲豪(2011)。《旺報》兩岸新聞論述分析-以ECFA報導為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-176。
  3. 林惠娟(2013)。國際新聞雜誌節目敘事結構分析 ─以文茜世界週報為例。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2013。1-179。
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