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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Turney, Peter B.B.著,陳儀 譯,2006,作業基礎成本管理的第一本書,美商麥格羅希爾國際股份有限公司台灣分公司出版。
  2. 8. 朱碧靜,1999,圖書館作業成本分析,圖書與資訊月刊,第29期,頁60-78。
  3. 10. 葉忠麟,2001,以作業基礎成本制分析商業銀行利率訂價決策-以國內W銀行為例,私立中原大學會計學系碩士論文。
  4. 12. 王茂源、何正得,2010,作業基礎成本制在訂價決策中的運用-以鋼鐵業Y公司為例,工程科技與教育學刊,第5期,頁751-759。
  5. 13. 張鳳琪,2008,作業基礎成本制導入圖書館經營之研究,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文。
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