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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, N. Iwasa, and S.
    2. Nagahama, Jpn. J. Appl.Phys.,Part 34, L797
    3. Phys. Lett. 64, 1689(1994).
    4. 3. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, S. Nagahama, N.
    5. Iwasa, T. Yamada, T.Matsushita,Y. Sugimoto,
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 周建樺(2014)。採用鎵或銦摻雜氧化鋅電流散佈層藍色發光二極體物理特性之研究。中興大學物理學系所學位論文。2014。1-49。 
    2. 古濬綸(2013)。微波輔助合成鈀奈米觸媒於氧化石墨烯以應用於質子交換膜燃料電池。元智大學化學工程與材料科學學系學位論文。2013。1-82。 
    3. 許舒閔(2011)。石墨烯材料合成及其電化學電容行為探討。元智大學化學工程與材料科學學系學位論文。2011。1-123。 
    4. 李俊緯(2012)。銦摻雜氧化鋅薄膜在氮化銦鎵發光二極體透明導電層應用之研究。中興大學物理學系所學位論文。2012。1-60。
    5. 林錡沅(2012)。合成石墨烯複合陽極材料以應用於鋰離子電池。元智大學化學工程與材料科學學系學位論文。2012。1-126。
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