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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 邵怡誠及陳良健,2006,空載光達點雲於DEM 自動生產與精度評估--使用ISPRS 測試資料為例,航測及遙測學刊論文,第十一卷,第一期,第1-12頁。
  2. 9. Brandtberg, T. ,and Walter, F.,1998.Automated Delineation of Individual Tree Crowns in High Resolution Aerial Images by Multiple Scale analysis . Machine Vision and Applications, 11(2): 351-357
  3. 15. Haala, N. and Brenner, C., 1999. Extraction of buildings and trees in urban environments, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 54:130-137.
  4. 18. Koch, B., Hyder, U., and Weinacker, H, 2006. Detection of Individual Tree Crown in Airborne Lidar Data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 72(4): 357-363.
  5. 19. Kraus, K. and Pfeifer, N., 1998, “Determination of Terrain Models in Wooded Areas with Airborne Laser Scanner data”, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol.53, pp.193-203.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳信瑜(2011)。特徵匹配於AVNIR-2影像與PALSAR影像 之影像套合。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2011。1-89。 
  2. 葉日嫈(2015)。空載光達對立木樹冠及林分競爭解釋能力之探討。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-90。 
  3. 魏浚紘(2014)。應用光達技術於人工林之經營與監測。屏東科技大學生物資源研究所學位論文。2014。1-213。 
  4. 黃韋傑(2010)。應用空載光達於阿里山地區林冠孔隙分類。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2010。1-80。 
  5. 魏浚紘(2008)。應用空載光達推估阿里山地區柳杉人工林林分材積。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2008。1-94。 
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