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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 20. 顏上堯、杜宇平、陳怡妃,「因應臨時事件機場共用櫃檯即時指派之研究」,「民航學會/航太學會/燃燒學會」學術聯合會議研討會論文集 (2002)。
  2. 21. 顏上堯、羅智騰,「因應預期性航具維修之系統性飛航排程」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第八卷,第三期,第447-456頁 (1996)。
  3. 26. Astrid, S. K., and David, P. M., “Stochastic vehicle routing with random travel time,” Transportation Science, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 69-82 (2003).
  4. 28. Aykin, T., “A comparative evaluation of modeling approaches to the labor shift scheduling problem,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 25, pp. 381-397 (2000).
  5. 29. Beasley, J. E., and Cao, B., “A tree search algorithm for the crew scheduling problem,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 94, No. 3, pp.517-526 (1996).
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李煥金(2007)。消波塊工程進度最佳化之研究。淡江大學土木工程學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-95。 
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