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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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陳瑞千 , Masters  Advisor:李明明;吳方正  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bendix Deanna Marohn, Diabolical Designs: Paintings, Interiors, and Exhibitions of James McNeill Whistler, Smithsonian Books, London, 1995.
  2. Berger Klaus, Japonisme in Western Painting from Whistler to Matisse, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  3. Curry David Park, James McNeill Whistler: at the Freer Gallery of Art, Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, In association with W. W. Norton & Company, New York, London, 1984.
  4. Eidelberg Martin and Johnston William R., Japonisme and French Decorative Arts, Japonisme: Japanese Influence on French Art, 1854-1910 , , Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, 1975.
  5. Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours A Catalogue Raisonné, The Paul Mellon Centre for Studues in British Art by Yale University Press, New York and London, 1995.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林葳(2010)。延伸的空間——艾德華.威亞爾《公園》飾板組研究。中央大學藝術學研究所學位論文。2010。1-169。
  2. 蔡昀真(2014)。收藏家的自我形象塑造:嘉德納夫人與其同代繪畫收藏。中央大學藝術學研究所學位論文。2014。1-98。
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