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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳文星 周婉窈 許佩賢 蔡錦堂 中田敏夫 富田哲編著,《日治時期臺灣公學校與國民學校國語讀本:解說‧總目次‧索引》(臺北:南天書局,2003)。
  2. 吳政憲,《日治時期台灣的電燈發展(1895~1945)》(國立臺灣師範大學歷史研究所碩士論文,1998)。
  3. 周婉窈,〈寫實與規範之間—公學校國語讀本插畫中的臺灣人形象〉,《臺大歷史學報》34期(2004年12月),頁87-147。
  4. E.Patricia Tsurumi , Japanese colonial education in Taiwan ,1895-1945(Cambridge , Massachusetts and London:Harverd University Press , 1977)。
  5. Waldemar Bonsels原著 內田隆譯,《まや子》(臺北:臺灣日日新報社,1925)。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐佑驊(2009)。日治時期「台灣寫真帖」研究。政治大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2009。1-169。
  2. 蕭怡姍(2012)。南島‧繁花‧勝景-鄉原古統《麗島名華鑑》與《台北名所圖繪十二景》研究。臺灣師範大學藝術史研究所學位論文。2012。1-417。
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