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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] Miller, I.; FitzPatrick, D.; Aisola, R.;” Analog design with Verilog-A”, Verilog HDL Conference, 1997., IEEE International, 31 March-2 April 1997, Page(s):64 - 68
  2. [6] R.Schreier, G.C.Temes,”Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters”
  3. Wiley-IEEE Press, November 2004, Page(s): 63 – 89.
  4. [7] P.E.Allen, D.R.Holberg “CMOS Analog Circuit Design”2nd ed. New York Oxford, 2002 Page(s): 698-699
  5. [8] 中央大學 張凱斐,”MASH2-1 Delta Sigma Modulation”, 2004推薦
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳柏仁(2007)。以行為模型建立交換電容式積分器之非理想現象及準確時間響應的研究。中央大學電機工程學系學位論文。2007。1-71。
  2. 胡天騏(2014)。部分飽和砂岩滑動與破壞之波動特性。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-187。
  3. 彭聖祐(2015)。砂岩摩擦降伏後之潛變特性。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2015。1-155。
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