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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古鈞元(2002)。教師教學信念與資訊科技融入教學—國中地理教師個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 朱婉瑜(2001)。國中實習教師之教師信念改變與其影響因素之關係。國立中山大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 林進財(2004)。教學原理。台北市:五南。
  4. 郭實渝(2000)。現代科技在教學上之運用與生態教育理念之推動產生的兩難。歐美研究,30(2),111-144。
  5. 陳木金(1997)。國小教師教學效能評鑑指標建構之研究。國立政治大學學報,75,119-172。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李鈺紋(2012)。影響新北市國小教師使用數位遊戲式學習之因素及其使用現況調查分析。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  2. 黃曉筠(2011)。國小教師對校長科技領導表現觀點之調查研究。臺東大學教育學系教學科技碩士班學位論文。2011。1-135。 
  3. 吳宛儒(2008)。資訊科技融入國小高年級閱讀教學之行動研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2008。1-164。 
  4. 徐毓襄(2007)。不同規模學校之文化及教師資訊融入教學的現況差異-以臺北市公立國中自然與生活科技領域教師為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-199。
  5. 許維蓉(2007)。大學工科教師對成果導向認證制度之態度研究。中央大學學習與教學研究所學位論文。2007。1-117。
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