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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 林良泰、張建彥、張嘉惠、朱純孝,「多車道交叉路口車流衝突量模式之建立」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第十一卷,第四期,第837-847頁(1999)。
  2. 6. Wang, Y. and Nihan, N.L.(2004). “Estimating the risk of collision between bicycles and motor vehicles at signalized intersections.” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 36, pp. 313-321.
  3. 10. 林哲立,「台北市巷道減速墊裝置設置準則之研究」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學土木工程學研究所,臺北(2005)。
  4. 11. Charles V. Zegeer and Michael J. Cynecki(1986). “Evaluation of countermeasure related to RTOR accidents that involve pedestrians.” Transportation Research Record ,Vol. 1059, pp. 24-34.
  5. 12. Abdulsattar, H.N. , Tarawneh, M.S. , McCoy, P. T. and Kachman, S. D.(1996). “Effect on vehicle – pedestrian conflicts of 〝turning traffic must yield to pedestrian〞 sign.” Transportation Research Record , Vol. 1553, pp. 34-45.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 符人懿(2011)。號誌化路口行人早開時相與控制策略之研究。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-154。 
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