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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 35.EuroTest (2005). ” EuroTAP Tunneltest List of Criteria 2005.”, EuroTAP, ADAC.
  2. 37.European Union(2004). “Corrigendum to Directive 2004/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on minimum safety requirements for tunnels in the trans-European road network.”, Official Journal of the European Union. 56-76.
  3. 參考文獻
  4. 1.中興工程顧問社,「隧道管理標準作業之研究」,交通部國道高速公路局 (1995)。
  5. 2.王進輝,「公路隧道運送危險物品之風險研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文 (1998)。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁君灝(2010)。長公路隧道重大事件之營運持續管理研究—以國道五號雪山隧道為例。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-155。 
  2. 曾柏偉(2010)。我們不曾爭議過─雪山隧道的工程實作與文化分析。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2010。1-104。 
  3. 曾國祥(2009)。移動車輛於長隧中之污染排放。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2009。1-58。 
  4. 黃盈琇(2007)。公路長隧道交通控制策略評估-以雪山隧道為例。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2007。1-105。
  5. 廖子鋒(2007)。使用RFID技術建置長隧道安全監控系統。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-69。
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