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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【3】行政院公共工程委員會委託研究報告,「公共工程維修管理經費編審及查核制度之研究」,財團法人臺灣營建研究院,2003。
  2. 【21】張國鴻,「電子化政府機關業務委外的新型態」,檢索日期2005、11,取自。
  3. 【1】九十四年度臺北縣轄區內災害緊急搶修及復建工程(第一區)委外技術服務,合約資料。
  4. 【2】尹章華,「公共工程與採購法」,漢興書局,1998。
  5. 【4】各級學校校舍維護管理參考作業手冊,檢索日期:2005、04,取自http://。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊蔭民(2007)。市區道路照明功能維持機制之研究—以台北市路燈維護管理為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2007。1-98。 
  2. 林孟輝(2011)。我國緊急工程採購機制之問題探討。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2011。1-124。
  3. 胡文婷(2011)。道路橋梁災後搶修工程採購發包機制之探討。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-89。
  4. 曹榮軒(2012)。建置市區道路鋪面維護管理系統之研究-以桃園縣中壢市為例。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2012。1-108。
  5. 李威宏(2014)。臺北市污水下水道用戶接管 開口契約內容及執行案例之研究。中央大學營建管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-103。
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