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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 呂鴻德,「Q&A 企業策略聯盟」,商周文化事業股份有限公司,民國85年。
  2. 33. Greenfield, “Turnkey Construction in the United States”, ASCE, Vol. 108, No.102. ,1982。
  3. 34. Haviland, “The Architects’ Hand Book of Professional Practice”, The American Institute of Architects ,1985。
  4. 37. FIDIC, “Conditions of Contract for EPC Turnkey Projects”, FIDIC, 1999。
  5. 41. Cable, Current Issues in Industrial Economics, The Macmillan Press L.T.D , 1994。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉徽慧(2012)。統包商專案工程風險之工程保險規劃。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-100。 
  2. 張君榮(2011)。從專案管理知識架構(PMBOK)探討統包商因應公共工程統包履約衝突之策略─以「臺北縣中港大排污染改善暨河廊環境營造工程」為例。交通大學工學院工程技術與管理學程學位論文。2011。1-156。 
  3. 張育慈(2013)。網絡行為對產業績效與品質的影響-以建築業為例。屏東科技大學企業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-250。 
  4. 范錦華(2012)。營造業分包管理機制之探討。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。 
  5. 宋盈萱(2012)。交易成本對於公共工程發包方式決策之影響--以文教建設為例。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2012。1-91。 
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