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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Agbenowosi, N. “GIS based Optimal Design of Sewer Networks and Pump Stations. The Master Thesis”, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacks-burg, Va., 199. 1995.
  2. 3. Benson, R.E., “Self-Cleaning Slope for Partially Full Sewers”, Journal of the Enviromental Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 111, No. 6, pp.925-928, 1985.
  3. 5. Chang, N. B., Y. L. Chen and H. H. Yong “A fuzzy goal regression model for construction cost estimation of municipal waste incinerator”, Journal of System Science, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 433-445. 1996.
  4. 6. Chang, S. Y. and Liaw, S.L. Bounded Implicit Enumeration for wastewater treatment systems. Journal of Environmental Engineering. ASCE, Vol. 116, No. 5, pp. 910-926. 1990.
  5. 10. Charalambous, C. and Elimam, A. A., “Heuristic design of sewer networks”, Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 116, No. 6, Nov. / Dec., 181-1199, 1990
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭建宏(2010)。改良式最小生成樹輔助衛生下水道用戶接管規劃。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-74。 
  2. 葉双福(2010)。污水下水道管網之電腦輔助設計—啟發式優選演算法與地理資訊系統之應用。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-120。 
  3. 卓延穎(2008)。禁忌搜尋法及模擬退火法於污水管網最佳化設計之應用。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2008。1-80。 
  4. 許志鍵(2007)。組合式蛙跳演算法於配水管網之應用。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-82。 
  5. 張燕鐸(2007)。應用禁忌搜尋法於污水下水道最佳化之設計 -以中興大學為例。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-99。 
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