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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.楊志海、陳忠榮(2001),研究發展、技術引進與專利一般動差於可數追蹤資料的應用,<經濟論文叢刊>,29:1,69-87。
  2. 3.楊志海、陳忠榮(2002),研究發展、專利與生產力-台灣製造業的實證研究,<經濟論文叢刊>,30:1,28-47。
  3. 5.蔡蕙安、陳致綱 (2002),研究發展外溢之產出成長效果與動態調整過程-台灣電力電子業之實證研究,<人文及社會科學集刊>,14:3,289-327。
  4. 1.Atallah,G. (2002),“Vertical R&D Spillovers, Cooperation, Market Structure, and Innovation, ”Economics of Innovation and New Technology, v11(3), 179-209.
  5. 2.Basant, R. and B. Fikkert (1996),“The Effect of R&D, Foreign Technology Purchase, and Domestic and International Spillovers on Productivity in Indian Firms,”Review of Economics and Statistics, 78, 187-199.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李政謙(2013)。公司治理對壽險業自由現金流量影響之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-51。 
  2. 王翠華(2018)。產業聚集與廠商的生產力及研發:以臺灣工具機產業為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2018。1-66。 
  3. 劉訓華(2012)。產業聚集與廠商生產力之關係:以台灣電子產業為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-69。 
  4. 李怡蒨(2009)。技術性貿易障礙對農產貿易之經濟分析。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2009。1-54。
  5. 許偉棠(2017)。經理人過度自信與雙元性對產險公司經營績效之影響。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2017。1-73。
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