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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 182 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 竹本伊一郎,《臺灣經濟叢書》(臺北:臺灣經濟研究會,1940)。
  2. 施添福,《清代在臺漢人的祖籍分布和原鄉生活方式》(臺北:臺灣師範大學地理學系,1987)。
  3. 莊英章,《家族與婚姻》(台北:中央研究院民族學研究所,1994)。
  4. Imbauel-Huart, C.著,黎烈文譯,《臺灣島之歷史與地誌》(台北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1958)。
  5. 李文良,〈日治時期臺灣總督府的林野支配與所有權--以「緣故關係」為中心〉,《臺灣史研究》5卷1期(2000.04),頁35-54。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張泓斌(2009)。大南澳地區的開路與移民開發(1874∼1945)。淡江大學歷史學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-135。 
  2. 林正慧(2013)。臺灣客家的形塑歷程──清代至戰後的追索。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2013。1-312。 
  3. 賴玉玲(2011)。國家與邊區社會的治理:以中北部臺灣金廣福、廣泰成墾號為考察中心(1834-1920)。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2011。1-260。 
  4. 蔡姿儀(2007)。戰後臺灣瘧疾防治之研究(1945-1965)。中央大學歷史研究所學位論文。2007。1-212。
  5. 陳瓊伊(2015)。客家樟腦產業轉型策略之研究: 以台三線三個案為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-129。
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