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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] O. Painter, A. Husain, A. Scherer, P. T. Lee, I. Kim, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Lithographic Tuning of a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Laser Array”, IEEE Photonic Technol. Letter., vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1126-1128, Sep, (2000).
  2. [4] M. Augustin, H. J. Fuchs, D. Schelle, E. B. Kley, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Highly Efficient Waveguide Bends in Photonic Crystal with a Low in-Plane Index Contrast”, Opt. Exp., vol. 11, no. 24, pp. 3284-3289, Dec (2003)
  3. [6] Applied Photonics Laboratory
  4. [8]Cui Xudong, Christian Hafner, and Rüdiger Vahldieck , “Design of ultra-compact metallo-dielectric photonic crystal filters” Opt Express, Vol. 13, Issue 16, pp. 6175-6180 (2005)
  5. [9] P. Borel, L. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. Zhuang, M. Kristensen, and H. Chong, “Efficient propagation of TM polarized light in photonic crystal components exhibiting band gaps for TE polarized light ”Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 15, pp. 1757-1762(2003)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡坤佑(2008)。經由光子晶體結合LED封裝應用於LCD背光源之光形研究。元智大學電機工程學系學位論文。2008。1-146。 
  2. 林世堯(2008)。經由光子晶體結合LED封裝以改變LED光源光形之研究。元智大學電機工程學系學位論文。2008。1-159。 
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