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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 聯經出版公司編輯群,《天安門一九八九》(台北:聯經出版公司,1989年)。
  2. 一、檔案暨史料彙編
  3. 丁望編,《文化大革命資料彙編》,卷1、6(香港:明報月刊,1967年)。
  4. 上海市委,《上海年鑒1988》(上海:統計出版社,1989年)。
  5. 中共中央文獻研究室,《關於建國以來黨的若干歷史問題的決議》注釋本(北京:人民出版社,1985)。
Times Cited (27) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何艷禧(2010)。台灣鸞堂的經營與發展:以埔里昭平宮育化堂為例。中興大學歷史學系所學位論文。2010。1-207。 
  2. 李依陵(2009)。日治時期觀光與地方發展之研究:以臺中州為例。中興大學歷史學系所學位論文。2009。1-174。 
  3. 許進發(2013)。日治時代臺灣之工業研究機構(1909-1945)。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2013。1-436。 
  4. 黎育叡(2011)。從小美園到雲華園(1922-2011):女伶視角下的客家戲班。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2011。1-184。 
  5. 黃文政(2009)。社會經濟變遷下的客語學習及其困境之研究-以楊梅鎮大同國小為例。交通大學客家社會與文化碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-261。 
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