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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 張惠郁,伊拉克宣佈禁運石油30天對我國產業之影響,工業技術研究院,西元2002年4月19日。
  2. 10.林詩彥,鋼鐵價格決定機制及影響因素分析,中原大學國際貿易研究所碩士論文,西元2006年。
  3. 11.任家宏,WTO新架構下兩岸鋼鐵產業競爭之策略與政策因應,國立中山大學社會科學研究所論文,西元2006年。
  4. 13.呂詩虹,台灣水泥業市場獨占力之分析─加碼檢定法之應用,國立台灣科技大學企業管理系論文,西元2003年。
  5. 21.陳宗祥,營造工程物價指數增減率與工程款調整合理性之研究,臺灣大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,西元2006。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱俊澔(2011)。油價、銅價、鎳價與紙漿價格之關聯性探討。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-49。 
  2. 李倩瑜(2014)。應用基因演算法結合時間序列於台灣地區鋼鐵價格漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-62。 
  3. 翁怡欣(2013)。應用蜜蜂繁殖演化結合自組織映射圖網路於台灣地區鋼鐵價格漲跌幅之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-76。 
  4. 施柏州(2012)。應用蜜蜂繁殖演化倒傳遞類神經網路於台灣地區鋼鐵價格之預測。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-99。 
  5. 范錦華(2012)。營造業分包管理機制之探討。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2012。1-147。 
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