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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 池昆霖(2006),區位途程與易腐性商品排程之研究,國立中央大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,中壢。
  2. 10. Chao, I. (2002), “A Tabu Search Method for the Truck and Trailer Routing Problem,” Computers & Operations Research, Vol.29, pp.33-51.
  3. 11. Christofides, N., and Eilon, S. (1969), “An Algorithm for Vehicle Dispatching Problem,” Operational Research Quarterly, Vol.20, pp.309-318.
  4. 13. Clarke, G., and Wright, J.W. (1964), “Scheduling of Vehicles from a Central Depot to a Number of Delivery Points,” Operations Research, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 568-581.
  5. 15. Dueck, G., and Scheuer, T. (1990),“Threshold Accepting: a General Purpose Optimization Algorithm Appeared Superior to Simulated Annealing,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 90, pp. 161-175.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許文澤(2015)。道路管道開挖竣工檢核動線之最短時間模型。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2015。1-63。 
  2. 李美儀(2015)。車輛路線相關問題之回顧與國內發展之分析。交通大學運輸與物流管理學系學位論文。2015。1-123。 
  3. 胡智維(2013)。粒子群演算法應用於多車種固定車隊之車輛途程問題。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-72。 
  4. 張文齊(2016)。結合Google Map Api與進化演算法於道路平整檢驗之路徑規劃。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2016。1-70。
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